ARBITALIA 

ShtŰpia e ArbŰreshŰvet tŰ ItalisŰ
La Casa degli Albanesi d' Italia  

 

La vicinanza tra greco-arvanitikÓ-arberisht

di Antonio Frate

H o  avuto occasione di rinvenire molte parole che testimoniano la vicinanza tra greco-arvanitikÓ-arberisht (soggiorno studio presso comunitÓ arvanite-valak. Grecia 1994 EBLUL-vedi KAMASTRA Gennaio 1999 ).
C’ Ŕ chi sostiene addirittura (Kesimirakis) che possa trattarsi di “continuitÓ” tra gli idiomi citati. Infatti, parlando con alcuni greco-arvaniti residenti in Roma (assai numerosa la comunitÓ ellenica e, all’ interno di questa , il gruppo degli arvanitofoni ) , confrontavo le parole estrapolate dall’ arberisht di Ururi , Portocannone (CB) , Plataci (CS) , che pi¨ ricordavano l’affinitÓ con la lingua greca .
Degno di essere raccontato Ŕ il risultato che si Ŕ prospettato: le parole analizzate non solo si trovano nel vocabolario di greco moderno (NeoellenikÓ) ma soprattutto, secondo alcuni (Kesimirakis cit.) , rappresenterebbe l’anello di congiunzione con  la tappa intermedia che  gli Arbereshe , e la loro lingua arberisht hanno percorso prima di approdare nell’ altra sponda dell’Adriatico, il Peloponneso (Morea) giÓ allora ellenofono .
Quanto sopra potrebbe spiegare come una lingua che per struttura e vocaboli si configura come albanese (in senso lato) presenti una cospicua quantitÓ di vocaboli greci (cioŔ propri di un’altra lingua ).
Vorrei chiosare la breve introduzione con il commento che i nostri cugini Arvaniti esprimono ogniqualvolta “presento” qualche parola arberisht (trasmessami dalla mia nonna 92enne Giuseppina Occhionero da Ururi –zonjia Sepa kaha Ruri) tuttora usata dagli ellenofoni “....ma questo non Ŕ arberisht puro , questo Ŕ greco”.
Ad ogni buon fine si allega una serie delle parole trovate che certificano la sopraevidenziata vicinanza tra gli idiomi analizzati .
Questa prima analisi Ŕ stata circoscritta, per il momento , ai colloqui avuti con persone di lingua madre greca-arvanita , ed alla lettura del vocabolario Italiano-Greco moderno- Italiano A.Vailardi  .
FinalitÓ principale Ŕ quella di invitare gli esperti del settore ad enucleare , ove vi fosse , un  ben pi¨ solido legame tra questi vocaboli , ultroneo ad una superficiale coincidenza .
E’ in preparazione una ricerca di altri vocaboli da svolgere servendosi di altri Dizionari.

 

 

Pron                                                     arberisht                                             italiano

cwra

hora                                                    hora                                                    paese

 

ceiramerion              

hiramerion                                           hirameri                                            prosciutto

 

julakh                      

Filaký                                                   filakýa                                                 prigione

 

stajidia                   

Stafidia                                    stafidia                                                uva passa

 

 

mandeilion

Mandilion                                               (sche)mandili                                     fazzoletto

 

sinach                       

SinÓhi                                                      sinÓchi                                                   raffreddore

 

gaiduri                       

Gaidhuri                                                 gaidhuri                                                  somaro

 

muga                            

Migha                                                     miza                                                        mosca

 

paraqurion              

Parathirion                                            parathiria                                                 finestra

 

drapani                     

Drapani                                           drapri                                                        falce

 

 

papoutsi                   

Paputsi                                             puts                                                          scarpa

 

 

odos                                    

Odhos                                            udha                                                           strada

 

kaqsikh                     

Katsýki                                                 katsiki                                                   capretto

 

quganixw                   

Thiganýzo                                      tiganissin                                                    friggere

 

dajnh                          

Dhafni                                          dhafani                                                          alloro

 

riganh                        

Rigani                                           rigani                                                         origano

 

trapeza                       

Trapeza                                         triesa                                                            tavolo

 

klaiw                             

Klaio                                            chiÓi (k/gliai)                                              piangere

 

cara                             

harÓ                                           harŔ                                                            piacere, gioia

 

eucaristw                  

Efcharist˛                                    haristisi                                                      grazie!(ringraziare)

 

dwrea                           

Dhorea                                        dhurat                                                           regalo

 

poulari (poutrakh)

PoulÓri(poutrÓki)                         poulari(poutraki in Calabria)                                         asino

 

kanata                      

KanÓta                                         k/nata                                                           caraffa

 

ela!                            

Ela                                              eia                                                                 vieni

 

mama!                          

MamÓ                                          mamÓ                                                         mamma (discorso diretto)

 

egw                               

Egh˛                                           (gh)¨ (gutturale aspirata)                                          io

 

martures                   

Martires                                      martirýt                                                           testimone

 

kalubua                   

Kalývia                                        kalidhia                                                          capanna

 

 

geitwnia                    

GhitoniÓ                                      ghitanýa                                                          vicinato

 

jloga                            

Floga                                           flaka                                                               fiamma

 

jwlia                             

FoliÓ                                           falŔia                                                               nido  

 

gida                             

Ghida                                          dhýa                                                                 capra

 

tsimbhma                      

Tsimbýma                                   tsimbi                                                               pizzico

 

kampanario              

Kambanari˛                                kambanÓri                                                        campanile

 

pordh                            

Pordi                                           porda                                                                flatulenza

 

kirh                              

Kirý                                              kirýt                                                                 candela

 

spiti                              

Spitý                                             shpýa                                                                casa

 

 

sparaggh

Sparaghni                                    spar/gn                                                            asparagio

 

triandajulion            

Triandafilion                                trendafile                                                          rosa (fiore dai 30 petali)

 

giatros                           

Hiatros                                          iatr¨a                                                               medico

 

mpoumpounhto               

Bumbunit˛                                    bumbuými                                                        tuono

 

turantes                         

Tirantes                                          t/randet                                                           bretelle

 

omomhtros                         

Omomitros(della stessa madre in Omero) motra                                                               sorella

 

(steja)nousa                

Stefanusa(incoronata –proprio del rito greco)nusia                                                             sposa

 

paqainw                         

Patheno                                            patoi                                                              soffrire

 

ponos                               

Ponos (fatica)                                   punoi                                                             lavorare

 

tsakizw  

Ciakýzo                                             ciaj                                                                 rompere

 

koutsompoleuw

KutsombulŔuo (spettegolare)           kushu˛j                                                          conversare

 

kormi       

Kormý                                                   k¨rmi                                                              corpo

 

na   

Na                                                          na                                                                   tieni !-ecco !

 

louloudi

Lul¨dhi                                                  lule                                                                 fiore

 

lukaniaos      

Likanik˛s                                               likeng                                                             salsiccia

 

kopella

Kopella                                                   kapila                                                             ragazza

 

lacanaka      

LachanÓca     (cavoli)                             lachrat                                                            verdura

 

grwqia    

Grothia                                                    grusht                                                            pugno

 

kouti        

kutý  (scatola)                                            kusýa                                                 pentola(contenitore)

 

agrios     

Agrios                                                     egher                                                              aspro

 

lerwmenos      

Ler˛menos                                               liŔr                                                                 sporco

 

pino

Pýno                                                                                                                          bere

 

qronos

Thronos   (trono)                                        throni                                                      sgabello

 

pwpw-pwpw

P˛po-p˛po                                              p¨pu-p¨pu                                   grido di dolore(meraviglia)

spernw

Sperno (seminare)                                    spareia                                  raggio d’azione coperto dalla gettata

                                                                                                                                      con mano del seminatore

kokkino

Kokkin˛                                                   k¨q                                                   rosso

demati

DhemÓti                                                   dhamÓti                                           fascio